Which therapy type can help you or a loved one? Find out!

Coping with the emotional fallout of abuse, whether it is past or present, is not easy to do alone. Often, the best option is to get professional help from someone who can offer support and guidance regarding a particular circumstance. With so many different kinds of therapy, this can feel overwhelming and deter someone from getting the help they need. To make this step a bit easier, below are some of the therapies explained (and read this article to read about the different types of therapists). If you feel that one of these types may suit you, there is always more information available on that specific type of therapy with just a quick online search. Remember, starting anywhere is better than not starting at all.

Therapy Types

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

CBT focuses on reprogramming the brain to see things more positively by examining the situation thoroughly and then slowly altering the view of it. Little by little, the person will face their fears and change their perspective. CBT can be done individually or with a group. This therapy is often used for anxiety, depression, chronic pain, eating disorders, substance abuse problems, self-esteem trouble, anger issues, those with OCD symptoms, and PTSD.

Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT)

MBCT combines CBT with being aware of what is happening in the moment. The idea is to acknowledge and accept what is happening without judging or reacting to it, this allows a person to change their habitual or impulsive responses slowly. This therapy helps to promote self-awareness and allows an individual to alter negative patterns of behavior, reducing distress and increasing a sympathetic response. MBCT is usually helpful for those suffering from anxiety, pain, stress, depression, and personality disorders. MBCT is often combined with other treatments for a successful outcome.

Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT)

DBT combines CBT therapy with building skillsets to cope with specific problems. The skills usually implemented are those that allow a person to be mindful of themselves and those around them, to learn how to recognize and regulate their emotional reactions, socialize in a manner that is healthy for themselves and others, and cope with the feeling of distress. DBT is a more intense therapy than CBT on its own and is often used for those suffering from borderline personality disorder, suicidal tendencies, self-harm and other self-destructive behavior, anger issues, severe emotional distress (such as being always in a state of fear or feeling deeply sad or distressed), impulse control problems (in example obsessive gambling, driving in an unsafe and careless fashion, etc.), substance abuse problems, being unable to build and maintain healthy relationships with others, feeling empty inside, and eating disorders (such as bulimia).

Interpersonal Therapy (IPT)

IPT is usually given to younger persons who are experiencing depression or having difficulty coping with changes that they experiencing, such as the death of a close friend, transitioning to new a school, dealing with a bad break-up, having trouble with substance abuse, eating disorders, etc. This therapy seeks to guide someone by teaching them how to recognize their feelings and learning how to deal with them in a healthy manner. It teaches communication skills, how to draw connections between what has happened and how the person is being affected by it, and new ways of relating to others. IPT is usually a short term treatment.

Psychodynamic Therapy

Psychodynamic Therapy is a more traditional therapy that primarily deals with the unconscious troubles someone may have deep down stemming from difficulties in childhood and early childhood development. Many times, the mind will shut out certain experiences that are deemed too painful for the conscious self to handle. When this happens, the pain affects various aspects of someone’s emotions but is difficult to process as the person is unaware that the situations have occurred. Someone must first understand what has happened to them before they can unravel the web of complex emotions the circumstances have brought on. Psychodynamic therapy helps to promote self-awareness, understanding of one’s feelings and reactions, and adaptability. This therapy can particularly help children who have gone through a trauma and are unable to acknowledge it. Problems with stress, anxiety, depression, and panic will be aided by this method.

Group Therapy

Group Therapy has a specific issue at hand that a group of individuals is dealing with. Group therapy addresses the problem while being in the supportive environment of others going through the same. Sometimes it is helpful to hear someone else’s story when you cannot quite put words to your own. Knowing that you are not alone and that others are there to help and support you can greatly change the way a person copes with an abusive situation. Group therapy is beneficial for a large array of different challenges from alcohol abuse to sexual abuse to coping with a severe illness.

Emotion-Focused Therapy (EFT)

EFT is therapy that focuses on internal emotional responses that particularly tries to reverse emotional repression by bringing the emotions into the limelight. Many people will avoid their feelings and convince themselves that their needs are being met when they truly aren’t. EFT seeks to dig deep into the individual’s most hidden feelings, allowing the person to understand and cope with them. This therapy will help to show what a person’s emotional triggers are. EFT can be done as an individual, a couple, or a family and works particularly well for moderate depression, coping with the aftermath of an abusive childhood, problems with interpersonal relationships, and eating disorders.

Family Therapy

Family Therapy helps a family to cope with a wide range of difficulties and would be great to have in addition to individual therapy, if possible. Clear, honest, and open communication is often a primary goal in working with a family.

Play Therapy

Play Therapy is great for young children who are having trouble expressing their emotional distress. They can use mediums such as art or music to express their feelings and a skilled therapist can interpret and guide a child in a method where they can use something other than words to communicate. This can be very helpful for children who have repressed bad experiences.

When overcoming an abusive situation, it may be difficult to think clearly and come up with a solution to remedy the abuse, while trying to implement it may feel almost impossible. However, given the right tools and the will power to create change, it most certainly is possible, even more so– it is probable. Many may feel overwhelmed and may not know where to start, but it is important to start somewhere.

Please continue to check in with us each week for a new post about abusive behavior and how it can affect your life and the lives of those around you. There is always that first action to helping someone you care about. Let this be it!


Author Bio - Anna Czarska is a writer and actor who has 15+ years of experience dealing with various situations of abuse. She has pursued business ventures and creative pursuits as well as spending time to study psychology in both formal and personal education. For more information, you may find her Linkedin profile here: https://www.linkedin.com/in/kasiakraut/

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